“Biomimicry is innovation impressed by nature. In a society accustomed to dominating or ‘enhancing’ nature, this respectful imitation is a radically new strategy, a revolution actually. Not like the Industrial Revolution, the Biomimicry Revolution introduces an period based mostly not on what we will extract from nature, however on what we will be taught from her.” — Janine Benyus
The place we’re headed seems extra sophisticated than maybe understanding how we obtained right here. As a result of historical past is our trainer and may inform how we select to cocreate our future, we should pay homage to our previous. The early net was about connecting machines to machines, and the early digital engineers in social media and gaming realized they wanted a machine-to-human design prototype, one which interfaced their digital constraints with human engagement. Given their industrial-era legacy considering and proclivity towards skeuomorphism (overlaying an previous design on high of a brand new know-how), this new interface inevitably wanted to in some way contain the measurement of person behavioral outcomes to “validate” what they constructed. However how?
The mid-1900s, psychologist B. F. Skinner’s behaviorist principle of “operant conditioning” got here to their rescue. This technique of psychological behavioral conditioning offered an virtually seamless match with their digital limitations. The engineers’ binary computations might now combine behaviorist operant conditioning as the premise of a machine-human interface, and human behavioral outcomes may very well be designed to be objectively measurable. An enormous benefit additional accrued when the engineers and firm administration quickly realized that the considering and behavioral outcomes amongst enormous swaths of populations may very well be manipulated and “managed” as properly. Nevertheless, this was not with out repercussions. We now see Fb and different social media corporations hauled into congressional hearings answering for his or her engagement design and its widespread social and behavioral manipulation. In the meantime, billion-dollar, class-action lawsuits have been filed in opposition to gaming corporations claiming “addictive design.” I submit that we have to deeply query whether or not this centralized digital design for psychological and behavioral manipulation, or one thing comparable, is what we would like overlaid on the brand new decentralized Bitcoin protocol.
“You’ll be able to’t handle what you possibly can’t measure.” — Peter Drucker (enterprise administration guru)
Merely acknowledged, B. F. Skinner’s “operant conditioning” is a technique of rewards and punishments used to switch behaviors (aka, conduct modification) by “programming” for desired behaviors utilizing exogenous reward incentives and reinforcements. It’s principally a well-crafted method to psychologically “bribe” the person with extrinsic incentives for desired behavioral outcomes. Whereas conduct modification may fit properly for the coaching of our pets, it will probably cut back extremely complicated and nuanced human considering and behaviors (analog) into slim and restricted binary outcomes, when, actually, the wealthy human situation and capability for studying, creating and increasing comprise a lot extra. But regardless of all this, B. F. Skinner’s operant conditioning theories greatest match the design wants of the early human engagement engineers.
Operant conditioning, typically also called “recreation mechanics,” is considered the most important basis of up to date engagement design. Therefore, people in all our range and distinctive richness should at the moment slim and contort ourselves to adapt to digitized, standardized, industrial-age centralization. As an alternative, we have to flip this mannequin and empower individualized person experiences so know-how adapts to, personalizes, enriches and expands every distinctive individual. Every of us has the basic proper to develop our personal “self-determination.”
Not like as we speak’s Skinnerian “recreation mechanics” that permeates as we speak’s machine-human interface platforms, free, self-generated, self-motivated and self-sustained play is Mom Nature’s innate meta-design for disintermediated genuine engagement. Not like gaming, genuine play is a survival drive, and in contrast to gaming design, it’s non-addictive. Sport design and most up to date engagement design is supposed to “hook” the person; their designers even consult with it because the “consideration financial system” and take into account (your) consideration a “scarce commodity.” Conversely, the true genuine participant can play after which depart as he chooses, then re-engage once more when he chooses. It is because, not like centralized recreation and social media design, genuine engagement will not be solely disintermediated, however self-generated/initiated, self-motivated and self-sustained. Designing for genuine play engagement “fixes” addictive design and foments self-sovereignty. This factors us towards the brand new, customized, user-empowered, cross-sector design resolution for the twenty first Century.
As we depart the predictable and relative certainty of Newtonian industrialism and discover the quantum realms of chance, we’re quickly recognizing the quantum world as inherently paradoxical (is it wave or particle?). We additionally now know that play and the exploration of the attainable are biologically hardwired into people. That is additionally true to various levels in all animals. Essentially the most often-viewed YouTube movies are these of spontaneous frolicking encounters of cross-species animal play: bears play-chasing canine, cats playfully swatting at crows, a child deer trusting the exploratory contact of a human toddler. Why is that? What instinctually and emotionally drives us to hunt and deeply benefit from the novelty of self-generated and self-sustained play? Briefly, play is how we “discover the attainable” and pursue the novel. Play is self-motivated and intrinsically pushed. We all know we’re on the precise path when nature rewards those that play with resiliency, inventive adaptability, joyful vitality and wholesome outcomes. As such, we should acknowledge that play supplies the “first rules” of human engagement and design accordingly. That is Bitcoin’s nice alternative to recreate legacy engagement design utilizing a greater mannequin!
“A civilizing construction acknowledges a human drive and corrals it into positive-sum conduct, the place most or all events are higher off. A decivilizing construction amplifies a human drive in negative-sum methods, leaving most individuals worse off. These are sometimes created unintentionally.”— Balaji S. Srinivasan (angel investor, entrepreneur)
Within the Nineteen Seventies, Richard Ryan and Edward Deci out of the College of Rochester collaborated to develop the “self-determination principle” on motivation. This principle confronted B. F. Skinner’s operant conditioning and principally toppled the dominant perception that the easiest way to get people to carry out duties is to reward their behaviors. These maverick researchers thought it was vital to tell apart the varieties of motivation and distinguish between managed and autonomous motivation.
So, what are the essential traits and variations between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation? This chart supplies a concise, easy-to-understand overview:
As you possibly can see, intrinsic motivation comes from inside and is self-motivated. It’s long-lasting and self-sustaining over lengthy durations of time. Intrinsic motivators develop grit and domesticate self-determination. This suits with the Bitcoin ethos.
Then again, extrinsic motivation doesn’t foment long-lasting engagement. It’s fueled by exogenous rewards and incentives (seductive bribes), it’s typically based mostly on measurement and typically threats of punishment. Centralized fiat ethos.
Of specific observe, there exists an enormous deficit that has lengthy existed in up to date motivational science, and we see its absence within the chart above and its omission within the analysis. Motivational science merely neglects to combine what we now learn about play. The cognitive bias throughout the analysis and tutorial data base precludes linking the identification and growth of human intrinsic motivators to the affective neuroscience of play. I consider this oversight within the analysis is said to tutorial bias and the historic cultural “taboo” in opposition to play present in industrial-era design, e.g., “play will get in the way in which of labor,” “it’s unproductive,” “it’s frivolous,” “play will not be simply measured and has no worth.”
Let’s use a little bit frequent sense and demanding considering. If play is trivial and has no worth, why is it hardwired into all animals? I’ve a two-word response to this: “Occam’s razor.” The self-organizing precept and “resolution” to human chaos and polarization and battle sits proper underneath our noses. And if that isn’t sufficient, isn’t it merely mockingly paradoxical that the legislation of parsimony comes into play via play?
“With all issues being equal, the only clarification tends to be the precise one.” — William of Ockham
If play is intermediated or managed, it’s not genuine play, and the wholesome beneficent outcomes of genuine engagement are misplaced. And if play is suppressed or hijacked over time, damaging behavioral compensations related to play deprivation emerge, together with the pervasive psychological diseases we see as we speak.
Expertise is a software, not an answer.
Intrinsic motivation is the bedrock of free alternative of the self-sovereign particular person with a wholesome inside locus of management. Intrinsic motivators are recognized and developed via genuine play. Play is how people self-organize after we are awake, much like one other survival drive, sleep and desires, the place we self-organize after we are unconscious. Our skill to self-organize via genuine play engagement is the muse to self-sovereignty. It’s how we come to internally know (with none intermediation or controlling forces) who we’re, what we like and what we’re good at. Our skill to self-organize helps us establish and pursue that means and function in our lives.
Intrinsic motivators are important to self-sustaining, non-addictive engagement behaviors. If our genuine play engagement has been hijacked or suppressed by centralized intermediation, we don’t develop the interior locus of management essential to the psychologically wholesome, emancipated, self-sovereign id. Centralized programming can then swoop in and “personal” us. We change into narcissistic and needy, anxiously obsessive about whether or not we’re adequate, if we slot in, and if now we have sufficient “likes,” “followers” or different types of exterior validation. We isolate and change into obsessive about addictive social media and gaming. Or maybe we gravitate towards the perceived safety and sense of belonging of polarized “group-think.” Anxiousness, melancholy and different types of psychological sickness are at all-time excessive disaster ranges as we speak. If our “sense of self” has been narrowed, managed and validated by intermediated centralized design and exogenous standards, and never authored by the expansive growth of our personal genuine selves, is it any marvel so many people search to conform and slot in? It doesn’t need to be this manner!
“The proper dictatorship would have the looks of a democracy, however would principally be an individual with out partitions during which the prisoners wouldn’t even dream of escaping. It could basically be a system of slavery the place, via consumption and leisure, the slaves would love their servitude.” — Aldous Huxley, 1931
Whereas as we speak’s conduct modification design relies upon upon the extrinsic validation of measurement, rewards and enticements, and person engagement could initially seem efficient, it’s often, and sadly, short-lived. Analysis by Ryan and Deci and others present extrinsic reward programs can not present the sustained long-term engagement wanted to rework human behaviors. But behaviorist operant conditioning, sadly, persists as our design mannequin. Maybe this explains the poor engagement efficacy of up to date gamification reward programs, the drop-off in participation, and therefore the extra compensatory addictive design methods. Then again, self-generated, self-motivated and self-sustained engagement is prime to figuring out what one likes to do and creating grit. This intrinsically directed engagement can also be key to therapeutic ourselves from psychological sickness problems and damaging behavioral compensations. Figuring out and creating intrinsic motivational drives distinctive to the person and integrating them into as we speak’s engagement design will assist develop the psychological emancipation and self-sovereign identities that rework genuine engagement into significant, leisure work. In such a fashion, and beginning with every distinctive particular person, this guarantees to construct the decentralized P2P creator-economy and Renaissance 2.0 on high of Bitcoin.
It can not occur quickly sufficient!
This can be a visitor submit by Kristen Cozad. Opinions expressed are fully their very own and don’t essentially replicate these of BTC, Inc. or Bitcoin Journal.